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Thursday, June 29, 2017

Bemco Hydraulic: Hidden Gem

BEMCO Hydraulic
Market Cap: 40.59Cr
Year Ended March 2017
Sales: 42.53Cr
Net Profit: 3.62Cr (includes: 2.82Cr Exceptional item)

Bemco Hydraulic was incorporated in 1957. It is now a premier producer of Hydraulic press equipments.
BEMCO, originally an Engineering Craftsman's shop in the late thirties has risen to be a premier manufactures of Portable re-railing equipment, Light weight re-railing equipment, Hydraulic Re-railing equipments, Re-railing Systems, Hydraulic press, Wheel fitting press, Straightening press. Our Portable Rerailing Equipment is designed for re-railing cars and locomotives. The light weight of the rerailing equipment makes it a useful tool in solving re-railing problems safely.
BEMCO now has a well planned and adequately equipped manufacturing setup where every infrastructure is available to design, develop and produce a mega range of Hydraulic press and Light weight Portable re-railing Equipments.BEMCO, by collaborating with Vogel of Germany and Towler Brothers of U.K manufactured the first ever indigenously produced Hydraulic press.
 Re-railing and rescue Equipment catalogue

BEMCO major clients are:
1. Indian Railways, 2. BHEL, 3. BEML, 4. ESCORTS, 5. NFC(Nuclear Fuel Complex), 6. BARC(Bhabha Atomic Research Center), 7. HMT, 8.Ministry of Defense, 9. Kirloskar, 10.FORCE Motors, 11.Siemens, 12.ABB, 13.AMCO, 14.Ashok Leyland, 15.BFW(Bharat Fritz Werner), 16. L&T, 17.CA, 18.Denso, 19.Eicher, 20.FAG, 21.TIMKEN, 22.GRSE, 23. Hero Group, 24.HCL, 25.Honda, 26.Indo Nippon Electricals, 27.Atlas Cycles, 28. Jai Parabolic Springs, 29.Kalyani Group, 30. Lemken, 31. KEC International, 32.Whirlpool, 33. KSB, 34.Lucas TVS, 35. Brakes India, 36. Avon cycles, 37. Mahindra, 38. MICO, 39.NBC Bearings, 40. New Holland, 41.NRB Bearings, 42. Indian Ordinance Factories, 43.Panasonic, 44.Piaggio, 45.Rane (Madras), 46.Rane, 47.RSB Group, 48. Salem Steel, 49.Sintex industries, 50.Sona Steerings, 51.SRF, 52.SUNFAB, 53.Sundram Fastner, 54.Suzuki, 55.TELCO, 56.TAFF, 57.Toyota, 58.TTK Prestige, 59.TVS, 60.Vespa, 61. Vikram Sarabhai Space Center, 62.Voltas, 63.Bharat Forge, 64.Wheels India, 65.ZF India.

Bemco Total Issued Equity Capital:  5.39Cr out of which Equity Capital: 2.19Cr, Preferential Equity:3.20Cr
Bemco Hydraulics has Preferential capital which is being given 11% interest..
March 2013 Equity Capital: 1.45Cr, Preferential Capital:3.38Cr
March 2014 Equity Capital: 1.79Cr, Preferential Capital:3.20Cr
March 2016 Equity Capital: 2.19Cr, Preferential Capital:3.20Cr

the Equity capital is increasing while the Preferential capital is reducing.. which is an indication of better days for equity shareholders.

Latest Year ending March 2017 Results.
Stand alone profits have an exceptional item 2.8Cr which is writeback of "Deferred Payment Liabilities"

Also if you see the Reserves
March 2016: -87.27Lakhs
March 2017: +ve3789.92Lakhs (37.89Cr)

Property Plant and Equipment:
March 2016: 697.52 lakhs (6.9Cr)
March 2017: 4212.35lakhs (42.12Cr)

So looks like the books are being cleaned/strengthened.. so that the company has respectable assets and earnings, liabilities (preferential capital) is being reduced.. I would say its all due to BASEL-III guidelines..
Companies can no longer get access to capital if they do not have a strong balance sheet or income/profits.

Also with AADHAR being linked with PAN .. fictitious PAN/individual investors on paper is a thing of the past..shareholders have to be identified.. and hence stock prices will reflect true value..

Market Cap:40.59Cr
March 2017  Total Shareholder funds: 43.29Cr
which means Book Value is higher than CMP..??? EPS with exceptional income @ 16.99
giving a PE of  11, Book Value of 197.6

Another interesting observation is demat shares
Public shareholding: 5,53,430 share out of which only 3,52,700 shares are in demat form (63% available for trading)  ie Free float is: 3,52,700 x 185.6 = 6.5Cr

If you look at the detailed public shareholding.. actual demat shares with public (shareholders with shareholding less than 2 lakh (20,000 shares)) is just 82,659 shares ie 82.659 x 185.6 = 1.53Cr Free Float

Conclusion: Bemco Hydraulic is a well established name in  its line of business.. Hydraulics is required in heavy industry as well as in Shopfloor automation.(robotics). company has also started manufacturing low power consumption hydraulic systems which would be used in automation activites in the industry. With make in India and involvement in Railway, space, defence and heavy industry I expect topline to improve. Management is also converting its preferential capital into Equity which means management expects equity to do well in the future... its a good long term buy.. Hidden Gem.

Friday, June 16, 2017

Manugraph India: Revisited

Manugraph India was recommended in Sept 9,2010 @ 50.10 Market Cap: 152.84Cr
Today Sept 15,2017 Manugraph CMP is: 50.05 Mcap 152.15Cr.

Manugraph is still struggling to report profits and recently reported that its American subsidiary "Manugraph Americas" has filed for bankruptcy protection. There is also report of Workers going on Strike..
Is there something we are missing out here??..

All those who have followed manugraph India know that its the market leader in India with about 70% market share as well as it has developed new presses with double width and speeds upto 70,000 cph(copies per hour) after purchasing DGM, Manugraph has incorporated new technologies and started manufacturing high speed presses of 60,000 to 70,000cph. Manugraph also has the distiction of always paying dividends to shareholders even when it was reporting losses..

So maybe stock price wise... the stock looks like its going nowhere, Manugraph the company is live and kicking.. what caught my eye (and the reason for suggesting a buy is the shareholding pattern for Manugraph.)

March 2016 Largest Public shareholder is : Reliance Mid-Cap Small Cap Fund: 17,09,978 shares.
Total public shareholders in March 2016: 12,369 shareholders

One year later: March 2017: Largest Public shareholder (Reliance Mid-Cap Small-Cap fund) is no longer a  shareholder in manugraph but the Total Public shareholders in March 2017: 12,243 shareholders

So even as the largest shareholder has sold manugraph shares (17 lakh shares)... Number of public shareholders has decreased by 12369-12243 = 126 shareholders.
Ideally when large shareholders dump shares in the market.. the shares should be distributed across number of small shareholders increasing the no of shareholders for manugraph..... but Surprise Surprise

So not only has the 17,09,978 shares been accumulated by strong hands.. It seems the strong hands have accumulated shares from the open market from other small shareholders

HNI(High Networth Investors) holding more than 2 lakh face value shares(1 lakh shares as manugraph is Rs 2 face value shares):
March 2016: No of shareholders: 6, No of shares:11,57,701 shares,  Percentage: 3.81%
March 2017: No of shareholders: 9, No of shares: 19,85,969 shares, Percentage:6.53%
3 people have added: 19,85,969 - 11,57,701 = 8,28,268 shares (@ 50 worth 4.14Cr)

No of small shareholders (holding less than 2 lakh face value shares):
March 2016: No of Shareholders:11,574, No of shares:69,09,845 shares, Percentage: 22.72%
March 2017: No of shareholders: 11,411, No of shares:70,32,023 shares, Percentage: 23.12%

Even in small shareholder category..as the no of shares has increased by 1,22,178 shares, number of shareholders has reduced by 163 shareholders (11,574-11,411=163) there is consolidation at  all levels..

So from what I see Big money is accumulating Manugraph shares..

If you look at the charts.. manugraph has just turned bullish after 8 long years..
200Day EMA (Exponential Moving Average) has moved Above 999 Day EMA (kind of Extra Long Golden Cross)  [Golden Cross is when 50Day EMA moves above 200Day EMA]

Conclusion: On the face of it Manugraph seems to be still in doldrums.. with losses being reported and with Manugraph Americas filing for bankruptcy.. and Workers going on a strike..

But looking at the shareholder data.. there are some big investors who have accumulated Manugraph shares and technically also the share seems to be growing stronger every day..

We as investors have to decide what does our conviction say? I would personally say Buy!!

PN: This is not a recommendation service.. I maintain this blog to review my own thought process and investment logic... Please do your own deep dive before investing

Thursday, November 03, 2016

Rasandik Engineering: Deep Discounted stock.

Rasandik Engineering India Limited.
Market Cap: 31.09Cr
Equity:47.3 Lakh Shares. 4.73Cr (Face Value:10/-)
Sales (March 2016): 214.55Cr
Net Profit: 1.14Cr

Rasandik established in 1986 as manufacturers of Fuel Tanks & Sheet Metal Components has been pioneering new frontiers in Tailor Welded Blanks(TWB), Engineering Solutions, Tooling and Product Design. The use of high level of automation, robotics, softwares like Catia, Unigraphics, Hyperform and Rasandik’s passion for innovation and latest technology have triggered a chain reaction catapulting it to its ‘pioneering market leader’ status today. Company caters to the following Product Sectors:
- Sheet Metal components for Cars, Trucks, Tractors, Two Wheelers
- Three Wheelers,
- Die and Tools,
- TWB (Tailored Welding Blanks)

Rasandik Engineering Industries India Limited (Rasandik) is engaged in the manufacture of sheet metal components for automobiles. The company offers tailor welded blanks, body-in-white parts and subassemblies, tools and dies, suspension parts and sub-assemblies, fuel tanks, exhaust line and CNC bending products, and scissor jacks. It also provides white goods, such as air-conditioner body stampings and assemblies, refrigerator body stampings, and washing machine body stampings. In addition, the company offers engineering solutions in the areas of hyperform draw analysis, tractor body parts, point cloud data, surface model, and MUV wire frame.

TWB’s is a technology that is futuristic & helps OEM’s manufacture light weight and cost effective vehicles. We provide a single point responsibility from product design to product delivery. Rasandik is rapidly moving up the value addition chain and becoming an integrated component manufacturer.

Customer List:
Cars/SUV/MUV: Maruti, Honda, General Motors, Tata, Mahindra, Renault-Nissan, FIAT,Hindustan Motors.
Motor Cycle: TVS, Honda Motor Cycles
LCV,HCV: Swaraj Mazda,AMW, Force Motors, Ashok Leyland,
Tractors: NewHolland, Mahindra Swaraj, Renault Agriculture, CLAAS.
WhiteGoods: LG
Press Tools & Dies: Maruti Suzuki, Tata, General Motors, Gindustan Motors, Hero Motor Corp, Honda Motorcycles, TVS.

Rasandik Engineering was started by Shri. Rajeev Kapoor (IIT-Delhi 1977 batch) worked with F.L.Smidth & Company, Denmark and subsequently started Rasandik Engineering in 1986. .

Our Mission for 2015 - 16... to build capabilities for Aluminum & Titanium, metal working for Aerospace Sector, Stainless Steel and Special Steels heavy fabrication. Feasibility study to build capabilities for GI & SGI castings. To achieve this, my message to the Rasandik team is to continue providing quality as a way of life and inculcate an attitude of ‘Do it right the first time and every time’.

Our Vision 2020... to Build Capabilities for Design to manufacture of components and aggregates for to Build for Design to manufacture of components and aggregates for Automotive Sector, Aerospace Industry and to carry out Heavy Fabrication.

Rasandik Engineering had taken a 10 Million USD 3%  (45.79Cr) Foreign Currency Convertible Bonds  which matured in April 2009 company has paid 80% of the bonds and 2 million worth (9.158Cr) are unpaid Company has stated that its been provided for in their books. So it could be a case of identity of bond holder or other issue not in control of the company.

Rasandik is reporting losses and does have 117Cr worth of borrowings. and Capital expenditure is also consistently close to 35Cr every year which is quite high for a 225Cr sales company.Could be due to vision of entering into Aluminium/Titanium Welding space and entry into aerospace/defense engineering or the fact that technology is the differentiating factor in the auto component space to survive.

Conclusion: With forcasted lower interest rate regime(I expect the rates to be low going forward for a long time - new trend) companies which have debt in their books and who are well established should be able to take advantage of the lower rates. Already Automobile companies are reporting higher sales number. All said and done @ 30Cr market cap..low equity base.. I'm expecting the management to turnaround the company.Good value buy for the long term investor.

Wednesday, November 02, 2016

How Are We Doing Diwali 2016

Wishing All Investors. Readers & Visitors A Very Happy, Healthy and Prosperous New Year...
Let us start with a review of performance of stocks recommended in this blog.

Its been around 7 years since the blog was started.. A total of 30 stocks have been suggested as good investment ideas.10,000 invested in each of the 30 stocks ie 3,00,000/- lakh invested over the 7 years would have been worth 9,64,764.70 (Including dividends) would have given a return of 38.64% per year.
without including dividends the return would have been 36.41%

This is hypothetical case, because there have been rights issued and I have assumed that rights shares have been bought.  Also the total invested days is 2093 days as the stocks were introduced over the period of 7 yrs (2 of them in 2016)

The Recommended Best Buy stocks have turned around in 2016-17 Last year the Best Buy stocks had a 6 yrs absolute return of 50.51%  and this year 7 yrs absolute return is 271.67% an increase of 220% in one year..
In past 1 year
GAEL has increased from 45.20 to 95.4
Jayant Agro has increased from 109.90 to 551.40
NHPC has increased from 17.70 to 26.90
Tata Comm has increased from 431.30 to 634.55

The point being made is its very difficult to know when the stock becomes active and starts to be valued by investors increasing demand and increasing stock price. I also feel management suppport is important and management is in a position to project the right image to investors..

The question is.. is there still value left in these recommended businesses? The answer is yes!! These companies will still continue to perform well and with passage of time the value of their business will grow..

One of the most important things about a business/company is its ability to pay taxes after all expenses are considered. An individual gets a salary.. which is first taxed .. and then we pay for our expenses and finally we save the remaining income.
For example
A company earning 1000 having 500 as expenses  paying 30% tax has following savings
1000 - 500 = 500 which is then Taxed @ 30% (150/-)
Savings : 1000-500-150 = 350.00

An Individual earning 1000 and having 500 as expenses and paying 30% tax has following savings
1000 income is Taxed @ 30% ( 300/- ) & 500 Expense,
Savings = 1000-300-500 = 200.00

As you can see All things equal.. Individual saves 200/- while corporate saves 350/- A corporation can save 75% more than an individual just because in case of corporates you pay taxes  after all expenses are paid.. while in case of an individual you pay taxes before your expenses are paid. (BIG Difference!!)

So one of the important functions of a corporation is the tax benefit and hence corporates have an incentive to invest and grow. Over a period of time the effect of compounding increases the wealth of corporates. Management is always an important factor as they can make or break a corporation.

Outlook: BASEL-III implementation is just being rolled out.. so banks are going to have a tough time growing their books. due to lower leverage than normal.(due to basel -III restrictions) . what is the need of the hour is "excessive printing of paper currencies" and all the central bankers are busy doing it..

Excessive printing is required to replace the lower leverage in the balance sheet of the banks.. now the Goverment balance sheets are expanding... and till the bank leverage stays low we are all good.. the problem will be when the banks return to their old ways and leverage their books.. that is when the problem will start.

India is one of the few countries where the level of leverage in the system is very low. A large portion of the Indian population is still unbanked.. NBFC with no basel-III restrictions can really eat the cake of the banking industry.. and a NBFC owned by a bank would be able to somehow have the best of both worlds..


Thursday, October 06, 2016

Tata Power: Hidden Asset: Strategic Engineering Division

Tata Power:
CMP:  78.20
Market Cap:21,150Cr, Free Float: 14,170Cr
Annual March 2016
Sales: 36,700Cr,
PBDIT: 8070.13Cr
Net Profit: 873Cr
Annual Report March 2016
Power is a controlled commodity as its one of the basic necessities of modern life. Govt of India regulations exist such that power companies whether its Coal, Nuclear, Hydro, Solar, Wind, are entitled to a fixed return on their capital which is around 16%.  This results in Power companies leveraging their balance sheet so that during the initial growing years (new capacity addition) the company earnings are always under pressure from the debt repayment as well as depreciation.

Electricity pricing is a very politically sensitive subject and profits of any power company will be questioned for electoral gains.. so please consider this before considering Tata power as an investment destination.

But then what makes Tata Power attractive is its subsidiary " Tata Power Strategic Engineering Division"


Centre for Excellence in Strategic Electronics
For close to four decades, The Tata Power Company Limited through its Strategic Engineering Division (Tata Power SED) has been a leading private-sector player in the indigenous Design, Development, Production, Integration, Supply and Life-cycle Support of mission critical Defence Systems of Strategic importance. During this period, the Division has partnered the Ministry of Defence (MoD), the Armed Forces, DPSUs and DRDO in the development & supply of state-of-the-art Systems and emerged as a Prime Contractor to MoD for Indigenous Defence Production when it secured Orders for Pinaka Multi Barrel Rocket Launcher, Akash Army Launcher and Integrated EW System for the Indian Army and for the Akash Air Force Launcher, COTS-based Automatic Data Handling System for Air Defence and Modernisation of Airfield Infrastructure (MAFI) for the Indian Air Force.

Tata Power SED has the unique distinction of participating in Defence Programs through a dedicated R&D Centre at Mumbai and a Production facility along with an R&D Facility at Bengaluru. As a leading domestic player in Strategic Engineering, the Division is now globally recognised for harnessing its “Systems and Engineering” capabilities and has been appraised at Maturity Level 5 of CMMI® for Development v1.3.

Success in modern war depends on Integrated operations over distributed geographies using Sensors and Weapons of varying vintage. Tata Power SED's team has the right blend of technological and operational experience in integrating these heterogeneous systems, using both industry standard and system specific interfaces and protocols.

In recognition of its pioneering capabilities in Design, Development, Manufacturing and System Integration, Tata Power SED was nominated by MoD as a Major Work Centre for the Samyukta Electronic Warfare Program under the aegis of DRDO. Tata Power SED has also received several national awards from industry associations such as the Federation of the Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (FICCI), the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) and the Ministry of Science and Technology.

The Government of India, Ministry of Defence awarded Tata Power SED in 2006, seven Defence Production Licenses, thereby empowering the Division to design, develop, manufacture, assemble and upgrade mission critical systems in seven core areas of Defence Strategic Electronics.

These Production Licenses open a vast domestic addressable market, which include upgrades of existing Weapon systems and platforms. Additionally, business opportunities through ‘Offsets’ for Systems Design, Engineering and Testing Services will also be targeted by the Division, thus opening up the export market.

The seven Defence Production Licenses received are:
1. Electronic Warfare Systems (Stand-alone & integrated) for Army, Navy, Air Force, Para-military and Inland Security,
2. State-of-the-art Network-Centric Warfare Enablers, including Tactical and Strategic Communication systems GPS-based Navigation & Tracking  and GIS systems.
3. Avionics, Airborne assemblies, Systems and Equipment for Aircrafts, Helicopters & AWACS including development of UAVs (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles) and UVs (Unmanned Vehicles) of all types.
4. Air Defence / Naval guns, Field Artillery, Tanks, Combat Vehicles, Anti-Tank Weapons systems, Mortar, Shell, missiles, rockets etc., and any associated systems.
5. Naval Combat, Air Defence, Artillery, Command & Control Systems, Border Security and Surveillance, including sensors such as Radars, Sonar, Thermal Imaging, Radiography, Optronics and Night Vision sub-systems.
6. MIL (Military Grade) products such as Display Consoles, Rugged Computers, Workstations Servers, On-board Computers, GPS Receivers, Printers, Documents / Bio-metric Security Systems etc.
7. Weapon Systems – Rocket and Missile Launchers, for Ground and Naval applications including associated systems and sub-systems, including inertial and GPS based navigation and tracking systems.
 The Tata Power Company Limited through its Strategic Engineering Division (Tata Power SED) has consistently harnessed cutting edge technology to fulfill its deep rooted commitment to the Nation.

In 1975, Tata Power SED, originally known as the R&D Division of Tata Electric Companies (TEC R&D), started its foray into the development of systems for Indian Defence. It developed and supplied systems for the Air Defence Ground Equipment System (ADGES) built by Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR). The systems covered Radar PPI displays & Random Scan Displays (with synthetic graphics and text display facility).

Since the mid 80s, Tata Power SED also made a significant contribution to the Integrated Guided Missile Development initiatives of Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam and has to its credit, the development and supply of AKASH Launchers (Army and Air Force versions), Missile Interface Units for AGNI Launcher, On-board Computers and Launcher Electrical Systems for PRITHVI Launcher and a host of other Ground Electronics support systems.

Tata Power SED has now evolved into a Systems Integrator for programs of national importance such as the Pinaka MBRL System, Launchers for the Akash Air Force and Army Programs, Electronic Warfare Program, Command & Control Systems for Air Defence and Naval Combat.

With its sound knowledge of interfacing and integrating Weapon Systems, coupled with its capabilities in the area of Mission Critical Software, Data Fusion, Communications and Large System Integration, Tata Power SED has the multi-disciplinary resources necessary to take the decade old partnership with the Armed Forces into a new dimension in the era of Digital Wars.

Interesting news Item: Tata Power SED to make 16 Akash surface to Air Missile Launchers for 36 Million USD .. it goes on to say that Total order over the next 20 yrs is 3000 Akash Missile launchers for Army and Airforce. (March 2009 News Item)


Weapon Systems and their Upgradation for Ground Forces
=>Pinaka Multi Barrel Rocket Launcher
=>Akash Army and Air Force Missile Launchers
=>Medium Range Surface to Air Missile Launcher
=>TCT A5 Launcher
=>105mm Mounted Gun System
=>Upgrade of Air Defence Guns with EO Sights and on board Ballistic Computers
=>Launchers with Integrated sensors for All Types of Missiles and Rockets
=>Fire Control Computer for Tanks and ICVs
=>155/52mm Mounted Gun System
=>155/52mm Self Propelled Gun (Tracked)
=>Remote Weapon Station
=>Pragati Mobile Launcher System

Upgradation of Tanks, Armoured Vehicles and related Equipment
=>Advanced Hull Electrical Systems for Armoured Vehicles
=>Thermal Imager Fire Control Systems

Ballistics and Data Fusion
=>Ballistic Software for Air Defence Guns
=>Ballistic Software for Field Artillery Weapon Systems
=>Ballistic Software for T-90 tank (Indian and Russian Projectiles including Tank fired Missiles)
=>Data Fusion

Aerial Reconnaissance Equipment, Airborne Radio Transmitters / Receivers, Radars and Navigation Equipment
=>Reconnaissance payloads for UAV
=>Operational Data Link
=>Navigation Equipment including GPS and INS
=>Medium Altitude Long Endurance UAV
=>PTA - Digital version

Air Defence Data Handling Systems including Ground Radar and Equipment including Air Defence Control & Reporting System
=>Air Defence Artillery Control & Reporting System
=>Radar Interface Devices
=>Mobile Command Post for Command & Control for Air Defence Artillery

Computer-based Trainers, Simulators and other Training Equipment
=>Air Traffic Control Training Simulator
=>Operator Training Simulator for Pinaka MBRL System

Ruggedised Computers and Peripheral Equipment
=>Tactical Field Computer (TFC)
=>RUGBY - Rugged computers
=>Fire Control Computer (FCC)
=>Dual-Redundant Rugged Computer
=>Tactical Consoles
=>Rugged Workstations on Mobile Platforms

Network Centric Warfare Enablers, Tactical/Secure Communication Systems including Network & Spectrum Management Systems, Electronic Warfare and Power Supplies
=>Systems for Tactical Communications and Network Centric Operations
=>Spectrum / Network Management System
=>Signal Command and Control System
=>Operational Data link
=>Tactical Radio with Mobile ad-hoc technology (Adaptive SDR)
=>DC-DC Converters and Ruggedised Power Supplies
=>Intracom for Electronic Warfare Systems
=>Tactical Rugged Router
=>Rugged Multimedia Communication Systems
=>Integrated Packet Voice Communication System (IPVCS)
=>Indigenous Security based Messaging and Networking Solutions (ISMNS)
=>Evolved Packet System (EPS)
=>Sectorial Antenna System with Amplifiers
=>Multi-service Tactical Access Switch

Vehicle Equipment and Trailers
=>EMI / EMC and EMP Hardened Mobile Command and Control Posts
=>Payload retraction and hoist system
=>Hydraulic / Electrical / Electro-mechanical Outrigger Assemblies

Electronic Warfare Systems and Related Equipment
=>Integrated Electronic Warfare System for Mountainous Terrain
=>Low Power Jammer systems
=>Low Intensity Conflict EW Systems
=>Heliborne EW Systems
=>Aerostat Based COMINT Systems
=>Spectrum Monitoring and DF for IAF
=>Command & Control Software for Com and Non Com EW Systems
=>Countermeasures Control Centre Software
=>Voice / Tone Recognition and Keyword Spotting System
=>Antenna Retraction and Servo System
=>Ruggedised Work Stations and Consoles for EW Entities
=>Entity Engineering on various platforms including Tracked vehicles and HMVs
=>Synchronized Direction Finders and location fixing
=>Intra Com for EW Systems
=>Indigenous GIS and High Speed Light Weight GIS
=>Passive Interception and decoding of GSM (Encryption type 5.1 and 5.2) and CDMA
=>Migration from Solaris based systems to Linux / Windows based client - Server systems
=>Voice Recognition and Analysis System
=>Fast Scan Receiver

Air Defence Systems & associated products
=>Radar Data Processors
=>Multi-sensor Data Fusion
=>Plot Extraction Devices
=>Dual Channel Video Extractors
=>Area Moving Target Indicators
=>Futuristic Automated Air Defence System
=>COTS-based Air Defence System
=>Integrated Air C&C System
=>Mission Planning Package
=>Air Intelligence Package
=>Mission Computer for Sukhoi Aircraft
=>SRSC - Software Radar Scan Converter
=>AURA - Remote Control and Monitoring System for Airfield Lights

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, Aerial Reconnaissance Equipment, PTA & Air-Ground Data Link
=>Reconnaissance payloads for UAV (Gimbal Payload Assembly)
=>Electronic Modules for PTA (Lakshya)
=>Digital version PTA

Command Posts, Displays and Multi Function Consoles
=>Dual Monitor Multi Function Consoles (DMFC)
=>Tactical Naval Consoles

Setting up / Upgradation / Modernisation of Air field Infrastructure, Strategic facilities & Bases
=>Modernisation of Air Field Infrastructure

Sensors / Underwater Sensors
=>Thermal Imaging / Night Vision Systems
=>Electro Optical Payloads
=>Tadpole Sonobuoys

Border Security Management Systems
=>Secured Perimeter with Intelligent Detection and Effective Response
=>Remote Pan/Tilt Observation System
=>Ground Based/ Underground Sensors
=>Solar Panel based un-attended Power Supplies

Manufacturing, Documentation, Maintenance, Support and Repair Services
=>Design Engineering Services
=>Value Added Electronic Manufacturing Services
=>Life Cycle Support
=>System Up-gradations in case of non-availability of obsolete components
=>Refurbishments, Retro-fitments and modifications as per User requirements
=>Warranty Support/Comprehensive Annual Maintenance Contracts
=>Obsolescence Management / Drop-in Replacements
=>Structured Training Modules for Operations and Maintenance
=>Customised Technical Documentation – JSS0251 Standards
=>Inventory management with Component-level traceability for components
=>All India network of Service Centres: Resident engineers deputed at remote installation sites

Pinaka Multibarrel Rocket launchers are now the de-facto standard Multibarrel Rocket Launchers for Army. and Army is producing 5000 rockets per year (2014)

My take: if you consider the Defence capabilities built in "TataPower SED" I think Tata Power SED will be worth atleast 20,000Cr. Tata Power power assets are also substantial as its the largest Pvt sector power company In India. From the look of it tata Power SED is into Electronic & Communication systems for Indian Defence industry.. and does everything under the sun. For someone who is looking for an above the market returns over the next 5-10 yrs can expect Tata Power to deliver the same. I would say a multibagger with risk reward in favour of investors..

Tuesday, October 04, 2016

Permanent Magnets: Hidden Gem, Value Buy!!


Permanent Magnet  www.pmlindia.com

CMP: 18.8
Market Cap: 16.17Cr
Annual Sales March 2016: 67.7Cr
PBDIT: 3.81Cr
Net Profit: 0.93Cr (93 Lakhs)
EPS: Rs1.08
Debt: Long term: 3.82Cr
Debt Short term: 13.82Cr
Annual Report March 2016

Permanent Magnets Limited is one of the flagship companies of Taparia Group, Mumbai and also one of the leading manufacturers of Alnico Cast Magnets and Yoke Assemblies. It is a front-runner among young, dynamic and growing companies in India.

PML magnets are used extensively in key industry sectors such as electronics, electricity meters, automobile industries, telecommunication, defense, space research, aeronautics, railways and electricity generation.

The technical collaboration started in 1963 with “Centro Magneti Permanenti” (CMP) Italy. In 1973, PML started manufacturing Ferrite magnets. In 1983, PML upgraded technology with help of Dowa Mining (Japan) and Sumitomo (Japan).

PML started manufacturing magnetic assemblies such as Separators, lifting devices, holding devices etc. in 1984. In 1996, PML implemented the ISO 9001:1994 system for the first time. PML has been growing since then in the field of Magnets, Assemblies, Shunts and High Permeability components.

PML is into manufacturing electricity meter components (electro mechanical meters) used in metering systems installed in households. it also manufacturers a large variety of magnetic material equipment for industiral as well as personal use.
With the move worldwide to smart electronic meters (meters which provide additional data such as energy utilization, remote meter reading..) the company had to retool itself to manufacture these smart electronic meter components.
Smart meters consist of digital displays for displaying detailed energy usage,and the cost related to the energy usage. With the detailed energy usage and cost displayed on digital display, the consumers are able to understand and act accordingly to conserve the energy For instance; the consumers adjust their consumption patterns when they discover the amount of power used and the cost of operation of the several appliances.

The major appliances in the home, such as washing machines can be automated with the help of smart meters. This allows such appliances to take various advantages, such as time-of-use tariffs. With the two-way communication offered between intelligent household appliances and meters, the consumers are able to make note of the power being consumed. By two-way communications, energy service provider or utilities are also able to control elements of the consumer’s usage for lowering their bill.
Taparia group is a well established name in "Hand tools market and is a market leader in India" so the management is a well established business group.

PML India intends to address the smart meter market in India and abroad and the management seems to be experienced in this business (as they used to manufacture magnetic components for electro-mechanical electricity meters before.)

Valuation wise due to low profitability it is not yet clear how it will all pan out. But looking at the addressable market and the growing demand and strong promoter background, I expect Permanent magnet valuation to rise further as the firm becomes entrenched in the market, fundamentals improve and the market acknowledges its position.

Fair valuation will be a market cap equal to 1 times sales.  liquidity is very low so one needs to patiently accumulate. Long term value buy, multibagger

Tuesday, November 10, 2015

How Are We Doing Diwali 2015

Wishing all Investors and readers a Healthy and Prosperous New Year!.. Let us start with the review of our performance.

Its been 6 yrs (2009 to 2015) and looking at the data of recommendations.
1. considering an investment of 10,000 in 28 stocks ie. 2,80,000 the stocks discussed in the message board have given an absolute return of 158.75% that's an avg of 30.74% per year on invested capital(Including dividends). 
Invested capital: 2,80,000.00
Current Value: 7,24,513.00

2. The NIFTY (Absolute: 82.50%, Annual: 12.79%) & SENSEX (Absolute: 82.72% & Annual: 12.82%)
this clearly shows that if we do invest with value investing principals on a long term basis the returns are  worth the effort and one can expect to do better than the index.
Index Annual Return: 12.82% add another 2% for dividend ie 14.82%
Stocks Discussed in Blog Annual Return: 30.74%(dividend included)
Difference:  15.92%

3. Surprisingly my Recommended Best Buy stocks : GAEL,Jayant, NHPC & Tata Comm) have fared not so well.  giving an annual return of 9.32% 

4. hypothetical situations:
- If invested only in profit making stocks returns would be: Absolute: 253.04%, Annual: 48.76%
- If invested only in loss making stocks  returns would be: Absolute: -ve 30.56%, Annual -ve 4.88%
- If invested only in dividend paying stocks returns would be: Absolute: 184.36%, Annual: 35.84%

Total Stocks: 28
Loss making stocks: 9, Ratio: 32.14%
Profit making stocks: 19, Ratio: 67.85%
Avg no of days invested: 1884.71 days (5 yrs 2 month)

Takeaway: Investment of 2,80,000 (10,000 invested in each of the 28 stocks discussed in the blog)  would have in 6 yrs become 7,24,513.30 (PN: some stocks have given rights which would have resulted in additional investment capital) giving an avg of 30% return every year.. This is a very good number and if we can continue to produce these kind of returns on a long term basis it would be phenominal!!
I doubt that we can continue to produce such great returns .. but long term I'm sure we can beat the index.

Our Data indicates investing only in dividend paying companies is a great investing principle

I must add.. Manugraph India which has been reporting losses for past few yrs but still continues to pay dividend even during these loss making years is a good buy at current prices.. (CMP is below our recommended price in 2010)

Dividend payment also indicates a management which is willing to share the wealth with shareholders and I think its a great idea to stick to investing in dividend paying stocks..

Recommended Best Buy:
Absolute Return: 50.51%, 
Annual Returns: 9.32% 
Recommended best buy stocks have actually underperformed massively

GAEL has given the best returns Absolute Returns: 113.65%, Annual Returns: 19.34%
Tata Comm has given avg returns: Absolute Returns: 73.52%, Annual Returns: 14.84%
Jayant Agro has given below avg. returns: Absolute: 48.87%, Annual Returns: 8.90%
NHPC has been the real drag giving -ve returns: Absolute Returns: -ve 34.01, Annual Return : -ve 6.35%
NHPC indicates how important it is to buy at the right price.. right now NHPC CMP: 17.70 is a great price to add on for the long term. In hindsight ..I have a better understanding that though Hydro power plants are the cheapest producers of power but that is on the long term.. initial capital investments are high and depreciation eats up a lot of earnings.. having said that over the long term (as capital investment decreases to zero) we can see NHPC giving out huge amounts of free cash.. its said that the first hydro power plant still produces energy.. so NHPC is truly for the long long term...

Recommended Best Buy stocks are all dividend paying stocks and over past 6 yrs improved their fundamentals (increasing Reserves). and from our own data we know that dividend paying stocks give good returns.. I think the "Best Buys" still have not yet reached their full potential and are worth investing in at current prices..
Tata Comm though rarely discussed is also a great company.. with the largest network of Fiber optic cable network in the world (some say 25% of worlds capacity) also with the largest amount of end points Tata comm is already the largest carrier of voice traffic in the world,  Tata Comm has -ve "Net Current Assets" which means its working capital requirement is NIL. Tata Comm management has front ended all its expansion plans which gives it the first movers advantage .. giving it a moat which even well established names will have tought time cracking.. SPRINT, AT&T & some 60+ odd telecom carriers world wide use Tata Comm  network to provide telecom services to their clients... Tata Comm is a play on the "data driven future" 

Jayant Agro Organics: the most written about stock in this blog.. and surprisingly has very little coverage in the media .. according to me is a definite multibagger. Uniquely placed as India produces 80% of worlds castor seed (Castor seeds is the raw material for Jayant agro's speciality chemicals derived from castor oil) 

Castor oil according to Indian Institute of Chemical Technology - Hyderabad can be used to derive 1000+ chemical intermediates to replace "Crude oil" in the chemical industry.

Jayant Agro had purchased the Govt of Gujarat Castor Seed Crushing plant in Banaskantha Gujarat. Now Banaskantha produces close to 200,000 Metric Tonnes of castor seed which is equal to the total castor seed production of "China" the 2nd largest castor producing country.. now Jayant is the largest processor of Castor seeds in the world.

Jayant has also formed alliances with Arkema (French Speciality chemical company and largest consumer of castor oil in the world:- Ihsedu Ahrochem: Jayant:75.1%, Arkema:24.9%) 

Jayant has forward integrated to produce high value added Castor oil based polyols: Vithal Castor Polyol:  Mitsui Chemical, ITOH OIL JV: Jayant 50%, Mitsui Chem:40%, ITOH Oil: 10%)

Jayant has over the years built a moat by backward and forward integration.. now its time to enjoy the fruits of years of hardwork... I see a more assertive management with news reports trickling in.. 
midcap companies)   ranking of 500 companies. Jayant Agro 7 yrs Avg. ROCE (Return on Capital Employed): 26.32%, Consistent dividend payout since inception 21+ yrs is a real Hidden Gem..

Suggestion: Invest in all the recommended best buy's as they are still very attractively priced.

Outlook: Outlook for demand is "GRIM" specially world wide due to BASEL-III. Though Basel-III is supposed to help prevent a banking related "financial crisis" .. BASEL-III regulations are going to reduce the ability of the banking industry to rotate money.. resulting in slower growth and tepid demand.

World wide demand will stumble (unless the US FED Raises Rates by 50-75 basis points.. yes raising rates by FED could result in 2-3 trillion dollars to flow into the US/world financial system.. which could hypothetically cause devaluation of dollar and massive inflation - in USA) US FED Banks hold 2.5 Trillion in excess reserves with the FED   well thought out Stocks are still going to be the best bet.

India is still going to see a problem of excess demand (As most of the population is still unbanked and live beyond the reach of banking/finance) and basic needs are still not fulfilled.  Integration of the rural masses to financial system is going to be crucial(easier said than done in a cash economy). 

Inflation is here to stay for next few yrs.. even though the NDA govt has reduced the rate of Monetary expansion its running at 11% (16% during UPA).  Tier -II bonds of banks is an interesting space for fixed income.   There is always misallocation of Assets and Asset Reconstruction Companies is also an interesting space.. A well run bank in an unbanked country like India could be available at attractive rates due to BASEL-III regulations causing a sharp rise in NPA..

=Happy Investing

PN: these are my personal view points and not a recommendation to buy or sell. Please consult a SEBI registered financial advisor. This blog is a place for me to reflect on my investment view point over the passage of time for my own personal understanding.